Lori Landis Blog

Wondering about End of Life Care?

Every pet (and family)'s journey is a personal one and there isn't a set time frame or even set steps for the progression of end of life care. So much of caring for an older pet is based around evaluating their quality of life, looking for more: see this article for some good, basic reference tips. 

WebMD Pet Care

Including: Pet hospice is not a place, but a personal choice and philosophy based on the principle that death is a part of life and can be dignified. The goal of pet hospice is not to cure your pet’s illness but rather to ensure a peaceful end-of-life experience.

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Last Moments?


lastmoments 06Photo credit: Ross Taylor


How often to you want the last moments with your pet? Being able to remember laughter, love, special moments, and even the last few minutes of a companionship that lasted for years can be important. 

Would you want a final picture of saying goodbye? What do you think about this project? Last Moments....

How Do I Know When? A quality of life assessment form...

Senior PetsIt's never easy to make decisions regarding what your pet's quality of life is. There will be good days and bad days throughout the hospice journey. This link is to a quality of life assessment from Ohio State University which may be helpful in visualizing an overall quality of life score,

How Do I Know When

Making the Decision to Say Goodbye – On a Good Day

Saying goodbye to a beloved friend is a heart wrenching experience. Often for our furry friends we end up in a situation where we must make the decision to end their lives. While having the ability to choose euthanasia (a good, peaceful death) can be a blessing, it often feels like a curse as well. We humans were not designed to feel comfortable taking another’s life – even if it may be for good reasons. It is normal and natural to be conflicted and have feelings of guilt when trying to decide what is best, and more importantly when is best.

Inevitably my clients struggle with deciding when is “the right time”. I hear comments such as “I thought we were ready but today she’s having such a good day.” No one wants to take away a really good day they could spend with their beloved friend. But often the reality is that there are many more bad days on the horizon that would outweigh the good one. Even harder is when you have a big event looming (like a wedding or a vacation) that will take you away from your pet when they are near the end and you are concerned the separation (or trip if they are going with you) will be too stressful and cause anxiety or suffering. Talk about guilt with making a decision!

If you are going through or nearing this situation with your fur-baby I encourage you to watch this video blog by Dr. Mary Gardner. She is a hospice and palliative care veterinarian who discusses how she had to make the decision to “schedule” euthanasia for her dog before she left for a trip. I hope her story will help you better understand the emotions you are experiencing and reduce any guilt or bad feelings you are having. It may even give you some ideas to make the remaining days you have with your own pet happier and more enjoyable.

how to make the decision to “schedule” euthanasia

"This is not about death,..."

This beautiful article is about a woman who went through (human) hospice while her husband was dying from liver cancer and how that experience changed her life.  While animal hospice is a little different, the same principles apply - we're caring for the patient while helping the family through a very difficult time.

 ”This is not about death,” ... “This is about living. This is about making the most of the time - the finite amount of time that all of us have left.”

Article link here: Breaking the Stigma of Hospice Care: ‘It’s not about death.’

What do you say to someone who has just lost a beloved pet? (or friend or other family member)

We all have been in situations where we are confronted with a person suffering a loss. This can be tough – for everyone. What do you say? You want to say something that will make them feel better but if you say the wrong thing it can make them feel much worse. So, what to do in this situation?

Say nothing.

Just listen.

Acknowledge their pain.

Clicking the image below will take you to a very good (and short) article about how we tend to try to make it better by showing that it could be worse. It’s called “conversational narcissism” and unless we are self-aware in the moment I think we all are prone. So, take a moment to read this. You will improve your conversational skills and be more prepared the next time a grieving friend needs support.


The End of a Dog’s Life

This article was in the New Your Times recently and talks about several things that are relevant in making the decision to choose hospice or palliative care for your pet. Just as with other forms of treatment, cost is a factor that must be considered.  The writer of this articleAna Homayoun, had pet insurance which covered a lot of her hospice expenses.  Insurance can be very helpful but not all insurance policies cover hospice care so it is important to ask about this when choosing a policy.

Ana also talked about reading a book by Atul Gawande called “Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End.” While this book is about human patients the message can apply to any living being.  What really is most important –  the quantity, or the quality of the life (QOL) you have left?  The book helped Ana make choices for her dog Masonthat improved her life as well as his. (By the way, if you haven’t read the book I highly recommend it!)

While we do have more advanced treatment options for our pets than ever before (including specialty surgeries or chemotherapy and radiation) we need to balance the potential risks and benefits of those choices with the potential benefits and outcome with palliative treatment options. In some cases palliative care can deliver the same life expectancy as with conventional therapies and with better comfortand QOL.

And finally, when the end came the author received excellent care and guidance for both herself and her dog.  Caring is what we do best.

Article: NY Times Article



dog on path
“Grieving an animal member of the family is likely to have many of the same features as grieving for a human member of the family,” says Jeannine Moga, a veterinary social worker specializing in human-animal relationships and grief counseling at the NC State Veterinary Hospital (VH). “We grieve deeply loving relationships, no matter what the species.”
Looking for more information? Click Here

Don’t be afraid -We’re here to make it easier

I get a lot of calls from pet parents who share their pet’s condition and are looking for more information about in-home euthanasia for “when the time comes”. When I talk to them about considering hospice and palliative care options for their pet in the meantime, they frequently respond with something like “Oh no, doctor! He’s not ready for that yet!”   Often the truth is that the pet is very uncomfortable has been ready for this care for quite some time.

There seems to be an inherent feeling of fear and dread at the mention of the word “hospice”. This usually is because in human medicine hospice is indicated when it is believed that the patient has 6 months or less to live and is quite sick. If this is your understanding of hospice then having someone suggest this option for your beloved pet would certainly send your emotions soaring.

Animal hospice, while very similar to human hospice, is not held to the same time limitations. I have had many a patient that we jokingly say has “failed” hospice since they responded so well to the treatment plan and are well into their second year (or more) since the initial visit. Even for those pets who are not as lucky, hospice and palliative care can still help them to live life as comfortably and fully as possible for the time they have left with their families.

Animal hospice is not about curing diseases or prolonging suffering. It is about palliating symptoms and caring - caring for the patient and caring for the families. It is what we do best.